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Leandro Prados de la Escosura

Última actualización: 26/04/2021

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 Office: 18.2.D.03 


Photo Leandro Prados


Leandro Prados de la Escosura, D. Phil. (Oxford) and Ph.D. Economics (Complutense, Madrid), is Professor of Economic History, Carlos III University of Madrid. A Research Fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) and a corresponding member of the Royal Academy of History, he is a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Economic Surveys, Explorations in Economic History, and Cliometrica, and has been chief editor of Revista de Historia Económica. He belongs to the Scientific Advisory Board of the European Review of Economic History and the Scandinavian Economic History Review. He has been Honorary Maddison Chair (Groningen), Leverhulme Professorial Fellow at the London School of Economics, Prince of Asturias Visiting Professor at Georgetown University, and Visiting Professor at the University of California, San Diego. He has been Visiting Fellow at All Souls College, Oxford and at the LSE, and Jean Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute (Florence). He has served as President of the European Historical Economics Society [(2001-2003) and as a Trustee of the Cliometric Society (1990-1993) and EHES (1991-1995). He belonged to the Executive Committee of the International Economic History Association (2006-2012). He has researched on the economic history of Europe, Latin America, and Africa, and contributed to the main journals in economic history and published and edited monographs on long-run growth and retardation in Spain, Latin America, costs and benefits of European imperialism, British exceptionalism at the time of the Industrial Revolution, and the sources of long run growth. His latest book is Spanish Economic Growth, 1850-2015 (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2017). His current research interests are economic freedom and well-being in historical perspective, world human development in the long run, and economic growth and inequality in Spain in the very long-run.

Research projects

Human Development in the Modern World
Economic Freedom in Historical Perspective
Economic growth in Spain: A Millennial Perspective

Selected publications 

Spanish Economic Growth, 1850-2015, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

“Growth Recurring in Preindustrial Spain?”, Cliometrica 16, 3 (2022) (with C. Álvarez-Nogal and C. Santiago-Caballero)

“Capital in Spain, 1850-2019”, Cliometrica 16,1 (2022).

“Augmented Human Development in the Age of Globalisation”, Economic History Review (2021)

“Accounting for Growth: Spain, 1850-2019”, Journal of Economic Surveys 35, 3 (2021) (with J.R. Rosés).

“Economic Freedom in the Long Run: Evidence from OECD Countries (1850-2007)”, Economic History Review 69, 2 (2016), pp. 435-468.
“The Rise and Fall of Spain, 1270-1850”, Economic History Review 66, 1, (2013), pp. 1-37 (with Carlos Álvarez-Nogal)
“Lost Decades? Economic Performance in Post-Independence Latin America”, Journal of Latin American Studies 41, 2 (2009), pp. 279-307.
“Inequality, Poverty, and the Kuznets Curve in Spain, 1850-2000”, European Review of Economic History 12, 3 (2008), pp. 287-324.
“International Comparisons of Real Product, 1820-1990: An Alternative Data Set”, Explorations in Economic History 37, 1 (2000), pp. 1-41.

Working Papers

“"Inequality Beyond GDP: A Long View”, CEPR Discussion Paper 15853 (February 2021). EHES Working Paper in Economic History no. 210 (March 2021)

“The Napoleonic Wars: A Watershed in Spanish History” (with C. Santiago-Caballero), CEPR Discussion Paper 15616 (December 2020).

“Growth, War, and Pandemics: Europe in the Very Long-run” (with C.V. Rodríguez-Caballero), CEPR Discussion Paper 14816 (May 2020), EHES Working Paper in Economic History no. 185 (May 2020) 


AIHD – Augmented Index of Human Development
The new Historical Index of Human Development (HIHD) includes also estimates of its main dimensions and covers up to 162 countries between 1870 and 2015.

HIEL - Historical Index of Economic Liberty
The Historical Index of Economic Liberty (HIEL) provides a view of economic freedom and its main dimensions covering 21 OECD countries over 1850-2007.

Historical macroeconomic series for Spain
New macroeconomic series, including GDP, capital, labour, and total factor productivity, 1850-2019. Also contains GDP and population since the late 13th century.