This study is part of broader research that these scientists are carrying out on the imbalance of the sexes in China and its potential consequences. This phenomenon started to be noticed during the nineteen eighties and can currently be seen in the birth rate of approximately 120 boys for every 100 girls born in the People’s Republic of China. The objective of this research is precisely to analyze the effects that this disproportion can have on this society and to attempt to prevent the possible negative results it may produce.
The researchers estimate that approximately 30 million males are having difficulty finding a mate in China as a result of the shortage of female adults. A large part of this situation is due to the gender disproportion among the births that take place, although there are other reasons as well, such as the migration of females from the poorest rural zones to other richer areas. “This situation has created a huge market for the sale and trafficking of women”, conclude Quanbao Jiang and Jesús Javier Sánchez Barricarte, who have published this study in the journal Asian Women. “The trafficking of women has been practically non-existent in China since 1949, but we have observed that this crime has been on the rise since 1980”, adds Professor Sánchez Barricarte, of UC3M’s Political Science and Sociology Department.