Carlos Álvarez Nogal, is Associate Professor of Economic History and researcher at the Figuerola Institute of Carlos III University of Madrid. He holds a PhD in History from the University of Valladolid and he has been Visiting Associate at Caltech (California Institute of Technology) (2017) Visiting Professor at Stanford University (Social Science History Institute (2000-2002) and Center for Latin American Studies (2011), Paris School of Economics (EHESS) (2007 y 2011,2012 y 2013) and Universitá degli Studi di Genova (1997). He has directed and participated in several projects of national and international research, including the F7 Framework Programme of the European Comission. His research also has been funded by the Bank of Spain, LAE, the ICO Foundation and the Caja Madrid Foundation. He has received he Ramón Carande award from the AEHE due to his research in Economic History. In 2010, the Ministry of Science and Innovation endorsed the quality of his production and research career, being part of the I3 Program. He has been Director of the PhD. Program in Economic History and the Master in Development and Economic Growth at the Carlos III University of Madrid. His researchs have been publicated on specialized journals such as Economic History Review, European Review of Economic History and Revista de Historia Económica/ Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History. He has published Los banqueros de Felipe IV y los metales preciosos americanos, (1621-1665), El crédito de la Monarquía Hispánica durante el reinado de Felipe IV and Oferta y demanda de deuda pública en Castilla (1540-1740).