This conference is part of the activities of our Research Programme: Economic integration and growth.
Trade has always been the foundation of international integration and globalization debates. Did globalization benefit both rich and poor nations in the past, but the former more than the later? Or did globalization actually hurt the periphery? The literature is divided on these questions. Supporters stress the positive gains from trade, trade induced technology transfers, and the attraction of foreign capital. Critics stress the negative impact of globalization on the poor periphery through primary product price volatility. They also point to deindustrialization forces (and inefficient ISI policies to offset them) and the encouragement of rent-seeking (resource curse effects).
This workshop aims at offering scholars working on trade in history an opportunity to discuss their recent work thus informing these debates. It aims to stimulate research on the relation between globalization, growth and divergence in the "long" 19th century, from Waterloo to World War One, and in the interwar years. We believe that the comparative experience stimulated by the workshop will sharpen our country-specific knowledge.